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wBTC, tBTC, and other ERC-20 as Gas Token

On Ethereum rollups, gas fees need to be paid in ETH as the base currency. While a rollup can in theory choose to use their gas token, part of the gas fees on the rollup are used on Ethereum to pay for data availability.

In many cases, it is desirable to pay gas fees in other tokens. In particular, on BOB, we want to allow users to pay gas fees in bridged BTC to create a seamless experience for Bitcoin users.

There are two approaches to how gas fees can be paid in bridged BTC (or any other ERC-20 token like USDT or USDC) that can be implemented directly on the rollup without changing the rollup client:

BOB supports both approaches and leaves it up to projects to decide which approach they want to use.

Meta Transactions vs. Account Abstraction

Both approaches have their pros and cons. The following table briefly summarizes the differences between the two approaches but we recommend reading the individual pages for more details:

Meta TransactionsAccount Abstraction
Smart contract changesRequires changes to smart contracts.No changes to smart contracts needed.
UX changesUses standard crypto-wallet UX approach.New UX approach is needed to distinguish between signer and smart account.
Wallets compatibilityCompatible with standard EOA wallets.Requires new smart contract wallets.
Production readinessOpenGSN v3 is in beta.New standard that is currently getting adopted.